MODERATE-VIGOROUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND CLINICAL PARAMETERS IN ADULTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

A REPORT FROM THE WALKING WITH DIABETES STUDY

Keywords: physical activity, haematology, lipids, blood pressure, body weights and measures

Abstract

Background and aims: This study investigates the effects of increases in moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on several clinical parameters in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Material and method: This study utilised clinical and physical activity data of forty-two T2DM patients who completed a 6 month-free-living physical activity program, the Walking with Diabetes Study. Upon completion of the program, participants were categorised into a group with increases in MVPA (the MVPA+ group, n=24) or a group with steady/decreases in MVPA (the control group, n=18).  High density of lipoprotein, triglyceride, routine haematology profiles, blood pressure, body mass index, weight/hip ratio and self-reported MVPA, at baseline, 3 and 6 months were retrospectively analysed. Generalised estimating equation adjusted for age and sex were conducted to assess group and time effects on the clinical parameters. Results: Haemoglobin (p <0.01), erythrocytes (p<0.05), haematocrits (p<0.001) and thrombocytes (p<0.05) were higher in the MVPA+ group. The 1h and 2h-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) increased in both groups across time (p<0.001). No changes between groups across time were found for other parameters. Conclusions: Increases in MVPA improve several haematology parameters in T2DM patients, but it does not have protective effects in controlling systemic inflammation in T2DM patients.

Author Biographies

Novita Intan Arovah, Department of Health, Exercise and Recreation, Faculty of Sports Science, Yogyakarta State University

Dr Novita Intan Arovah is a senior lecturer at the Department of Health, Exercise and Recreation Education, Sports Science Faculty, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. She specialises at Sports Medicine in particularly in exercise therapy for type 2 diabetes.

Bernadeta Maria Wara Kushartanti, Department of Health, Exercise and Recreation Education, Sports Science Faculty, Yogyakarta State University

Dr BM Wara Kushartanti is a senior lecturer at the Department of Health, Exercise and Recreation Education, Sports Science Faculty, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. She specialises in areas of Sports Medicine and Research Methodology.

Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Arovah, Novita, and Bernadeta Maria Kushartanti. 2019. “MODERATE-VIGOROUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND CLINICAL PARAMETERS IN ADULTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 26 (2), 107-17. http://www.rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/566.
Section
Original Research Articles