BONE AUGMENTATION AND BILATERAL SINUS ELEVATION AT A FEMALE PATIENT WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES
Introduction. Chronic periodontal diseases and dental caries are the primary reasons for tooth loss in adults, which is further increased in people with diabetes. In most cases of bone loss, the treatment of partial edentulous patients with implant supported restorations impose additional surgical procedures, like sinus lift elevation and bone augmentation, which can complicate the healing process. Case report. This case report present a type 2 diabetes female patient with several oral health problems, like periodontal disease, poor decay control, bad oral hygiene, a severe maxillary atrophy and the presence of a large maxillary periapical cyst. After a careful examination, based on clinical and radiographic findings, a comprehensive treatment plan was established. The sequential treatment plan consist in extraction, surgical removal of periapical cyst, bilateral external sinus lift procedures and bone augmentation. The surgical protocol was adapted to the particular health conditions of this type II diabetes patient. Conclusion. Sinus elevation and bone augmentation are predictable procedures often required when restoring the posterior maxilla with dental implants. In case of diabetes patients with bone resorption and defects due to periapical cyst, if the correct protocol is followed, no post-surgical complications and good result in bone augmentation can be attaint.