METABOLIC SYNDROME AND PULMONARY FUNCTION INDICES

  • Mohammad Mehraban Occupational Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS)
  • Gholamreza Pouryaghoub
  • Ramin Mehrdad
Keywords: metabolic syndrome, pulmonary function test, reduced lung function, cross-sectional

Abstract

Background and aims: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a collection of metabolic risk factors including increased waist circumference (WC), elevated blood pressure (BP), increased triglyceride (TG), decreased high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and increased fasting blood sugar (FBS). We aimed to examine the relevance between the MetS and its components with reduced lung functions in adult men. Material and method: A total of 3899 adult men underwent screening examination between 2015- 2016 in a cross-sectional survey. Results: The mean (± SD) age of our population was 37.25(± 4.9) years. The overall prevalence of MetS was 7.6%. The total prevalence of reduced lung function in men with MetS was 13.8%. The most common type of reduced lung function was the restrictive pattern (7.1%). The forced expiratory volume of first second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) values were significantly lower in men with MetS (both p<0.001). Also these values were significantly lower in diabetic men compared to non-diabetics and those with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). WC and HDL were the most potent predictors of reduced FEV1 and FVC. Conclusions: We obtained a positive independent association between MetS and reduced lung function in adult men, mainly due to increased WC and decreased HDL.

Published
2018-09-23
How to Cite
Mehraban, Mohammad, Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, and Ramin Mehrdad. 2018. “METABOLIC SYNDROME AND PULMONARY FUNCTION INDICES”. Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases 25 (3), 261-69. http://www.rjdnmd.org/index.php/RJDNMD/article/view/487.